When multiple people collaborate to develop applications, if there is no unified specification for the synchronization database structure to ensure that everyone's local data is consistent, it will be a disaster. Database migration is to solve this problem. The database structure is version controlled to ensure the consistency of the database structure of all developers.

Create Migrations

Use the make:migration command to create the migration:

go run . artisan make:migration create_users_table

This command will generate migration files in the database/migrations directory. All migration files start with a timestamp. Goravel will use the timestamp as the execution order of the migration files. All migration files are .sql files, and you can customize the table structure using SQL statements.

The migration command will generate two migration files at the same time: ***.up.sql and ***.down.sql, respectively corresponding to execution and rollback.

Run Migrations

go run . artisan migrate

Quickly Create

Using create_users_table will automatically generate a table containing the infrastructure of users:

  id bigint(20) unsigned NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  created_at datetime(3) DEFAULT NULL,
  updated_at datetime(3) DEFAULT NULL,
  KEY idx_users_created_at (created_at),
  KEY idx_users_updated_at (updated_at)

The realization principle is to match according to the regularity:


Using add_avatar_to_users_table will automatically generate a structure for adding fields to the users table:

ALTER TABLE users ADD column varchar(255) COMMENT '';

The realization principle is to match according to the regularity:


When the above conditions are not matched, the framework will generate an empty migration file.

Rolling Back Migrations

To roll back the latest migration operation, you may use the rollback Artisan command. Note, the command only rolls back the last migration file:

go run . artisan migrate:rollback

You may roll back a limited number of migrations by providing the step option to the rollback command. For example, the following command will roll back the last five migrations:

go run . artisan migrate:rollback --step=5