Artisan Console


Artisan is the CLI tool that comes with Goravel for interacting with the command line. You can access it using facades.Artisan(). This tool has several useful commands that can assist you in the development of your application. Utilize the following command to view all available commands.

go run . artisan list

Each command also has a "help" feature that shows and explains the arguments and options associated with the command. To see the help screen, just add "help" before the command name.

go run . artisan help migrate

Instead of repeating go run . artisan ... command, you may want to add an alias to your shell configuration with the terminal command below:

echo -e "\r\nalias artisan=\"go run . artisan\"" >>~/.zshrc

Then you can simply run your commands like this:

artisan make:controller DemoController

Generating Commands

You can use the make:command command to create a new command in the app/console/commands directory. Don't worry if this directory does not exist in your application, it will be created the first time you run the make:command command:

go run . artisan make:command SendEmails
go run . artisan make:command user/SendEmails

Command Structure

After generating your command, assign suitable values to the signature and description properties of the struct. The Handle method will be called when your command is executed. You need to implement your logic in this method.

package commands

import (

type SendEmails struct {

// Signature The name and signature of the console command.
func (receiver *SendEmails) Signature() string {
  return "send:emails"

// Description The console command description.
func (receiver *SendEmails) Description() string {
  return "Send emails"

// Extend The console command extend.
func (receiver *SendEmails) Extend() command.Extend {
  return command.Extend{}

// Handle Execute the console command.
func (receiver *SendEmails) Handle(ctx console.Context) error {
  return nil

Defining Input Expectations

When you write console commands, it's typical to collect user input through arguments or options. With Goravel, it's extremely easy to retrieve the arguments and options that the user provides.


Follow the arguments after the command:

go run . artisan send:emails NAME EMAIL

Get arguments:

func (receiver *SendEmails) Handle(ctx console.Context) error {
  name := ctx.Argument(0)
  email := ctx.Argument(1)
  all := ctx.Arguments()

  return nil


Options, like arguments, are another form of user input. Options are prefixed by two hyphens (--) when they are provided via the command line.


func (receiver *ListCommand) Extend() command.Extend {
  return command.Extend{
    Flags: []command.Flag{
        Name:    "lang",
        Value:   "default",
        Aliases: []string{"l"},
        Usage:   "language for the greeting",


func (receiver *ListCommand) Handle(ctx console.Context) error {
  lang := ctx.Option("lang")

  return nil


go run . artisan emails --lang Chinese
go run . artisan emails -l Chinese

Notice: When using both arguments and options, define the options before the arguments. Example:

// Right
go run . artisan emails --lang Chinese name
// Wrong
go run . artisan emails name --lang Chinese name

Except command.StringFlag, we can also use other type Flag and Option*: StringSliceFlag, BoolFlag, Float64Flag, Float64SliceFlag, IntFlag, IntSliceFlag, Int64Flag, Int64SliceFlag.


You can set a set of commands to the same category, convenient in go run . artisan list:

// Extend The console command extend.
func (receiver *ConsoleMakeCommand) Extend() command.Extend {
  return command.Extend{
    Category: "make",

Registering Commands

All of your console commands need to be registered within the Commands function in app\console\kernel.go.

func (kernel Kernel) Commands() []console.Command {
  return []console.Command{

Programmatically Executing Commands

Sometimes you may wish to execute an Artisan command outside of the CLI, you can use the Call method on the facades.Artisan() to operate this.

facades.Route().Get("/", func(c *gin.Context) {
  facades.Artisan().Call("emails --lang Chinese name") // With arguments and options